United States
U.S. outlook: Time to pursue all-weather investing
Jared Franz
Diana Wagner
Equity Portfolio Manager
Chris Buchbinder
Equity Portfolio Manager

With economic storm clouds obscuring the outlook for U.S. growth, investors may want to prepare their portfolios for ongoing market volatility. “The environment is changing rapidly and significant headwinds have emerged,” says U.S. economist Jared Franz. “But clear areas of strength can be found across the American economy.”

Is a recession on the horizon? “Recessions are a natural and inevitable part of the business cycle, and a downturn is likely on the horizon,” says Franz. “That said, I expect the next recession to be a healthy correction that addresses imbalances, not the kind of wipeout investors endured in 2008.”

In fact, rays of light are breaking through the clouds. Relatively low consumer debt and robust wage growth have provided tailwinds to consumer spending. Although retail sales have moderated since the start of the year, they remain solid, rising 8.2% year over year as of April 30. Likewise, corporate balance sheets are healthy and industrial production is soaring.

That said, the risks are clear. Inflation is elevated and pricing pressures have broadened, keeping the Federal Reserve on its course of interest rate hikes. Supply chain disruptions and rising costs have eroded corporate profit growth. Geopolitical pressures such as the war in Ukraine and COVID lockdowns in China magnify these risks.

The U.S. economy remains strong, but risks are rising

The chart shows growth rates for several economic metrics for the U.S. at pre-COVID levels on December 31, 2019, at the start of the year on December 31, 2021, and current as of April 30, 2022. U.S. GDP was 2.6% on December 31, 2019, 5.5% on December 31, 2021, and 3.5% on April 30, 2022. Inflation was 2.3% on December 31, 2019, 7.1% on December 31, 2021, and 8.2% on April 30, 2022. Industrial production was –2.2% on December 31, 2019, 3.5% on December 31, 2021, and 6.4% on April 30, 2022. Retail sales were 5.5% on December 31, 2019, 16.8% on December 31, 2021, and 8.2% on April 30, 2022. There were 6.7 million job openings as of December 31, 2019, 11.4 million as of December 31, 2021, and 11.4 as of April 30, 2022.

Source: Refinitiv Datastream. The first four metrics are shown as year-over-year growth rates. The last is job openings (by the millions). Dates for Current column are 3/31/22 for GDP growth and 4/30/22 for all others.

All of this adds up to an American economy firmly in late-cycle territory. What does that mean for investors? “Late cycles are not predictive of recessions, but they do tell you that the economy’s ability to bounce back from shocks is reduced,” Franz adds. “I view this as a time to pursue all-weather portfolios built to withstand a variety of risks.”

Here are four investment themes to consider for the remainder of 2022 and beyond.

1. Rising dividends can counter inflation

When market volatility is rising, boring is beautiful. That’s why dividend-paying stocks, many of them in dull and dependable industries, present compelling investment opportunities.

Indeed, investors have started to recognize the importance of dividend investing. As markets tumbled in the first half of the year amid fears of slower growth and broad inflation, investors shifted their attention from fast-growing tech companies with elevated valuations to more modestly valued dividend payers. As of May 31, dividend payers have significantly outpaced the broader market.

Dividend payers have outpaced nonpayers in a volatile 2022

The chart shows the relative return of dividend paying stocks compared with nonpayers within the S&P 500 from September 1, 2003, through May 31, 2022. Since late 2020, returns for dividend payers have been increasing relative to nonpayers after a long period of relative decline.

Sources: Standard & Poor's, Strategas. Indexed to 100 on 9/1/2003. As of 5/31/22.

And after two years of pandemic-related cuts and suspensions, dividends are coming back. Globally, companies paid out a stunning $1.8 trillion for the 12 months ended March 31, 2022, as measured by the MSCI ACWI (All Country World Index). That represents a 15% jump from the prior 12 months.

"Today I am finding no shortage of opportunities to invest in companies restoring and even increasing dividend payments,” says Diana Wagner, an equity portfolio manager for Washington Mutual Investors FundSM.  “With profit margins recently near peak levels, companies are able to increase dividends despite inflationary pressures."

Proven dividend growers can help bolster investment returns when inflation is rising. “Dividend growth commitments are a critical signal by management about their confidence in the future earnings growth potential of their company,” adds Caroline Randall, an equity portfolio manager with Capital Income Builder®.

Companies across the financials, energy, materials and health care sectors have increased dividends. Examples include U.S. oil and gas giant Chevron, which recently increased its dividend for a 35th year, exploration and production company EOG Resources, defense contractor Raytheon Technologies and managed care giant UnitedHealth Group.

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2. “Treasure hunt” retail looks attractive

Investors concerned about the risk of recession may also want to pay close attention to consumers as they become more careful about spending.

When times are tough, shoppers often shift their spending to discount merchants known as treasure hunt retailers. These stores offer clothing, personal care and household products at relatively low prices, as well as some higher quality products at bargain prices.

“In a slowing economic environment, many people will be trading down to dollar stores,” Wagner says. “Such stores have held up well in past recessions.”

What might be less intuitive is that well-run treasure hunt retailers often have pricing power when inflation is rising. For example, Dollar Tree, which offers a wide variety of items for $1, recently launched their “breaking the buck” strategy. The company initially offered a $5 category of goods, followed by a category for $1.25.

“In today’s environment, I look for companies that can improve their businesses and make their own growth happen regardless of what the economy does,” Wagner adds.

Treasure hunt retailers have outpaced the market in recessions

The chart shows average returns relative to the S&P 500 over the three most recent recessions during the recessions themselves, six months after the recessions and 12 months after the recessions. Returns shown are for the S&P 500 consumer discretionary sector and three treasure hunt retailers: Dollar Tree, TJX Companies and Ross Stores. Average relative returns are as follows: for Dollar Tree they were 29% during recessions, 17% six months after recessions and 17% 12 months after recessions; for TJX Companies they were 23% during recessions, 6% six months after recessions and 16% 12 months after recessions; for Ross Stores they were 49% during recessions, down 1% six months after recessions and 15% 12 months after recessions; and for consumer discretionary, 1% during recessions, 12% six months after recessions and 13% 12 months after recessions.

Sources: Capital Group, National Bureau of Economic Research, Refinitiv Datastream, Standard & Poor’s. Reference periods for recessions are March 2001 to October 2001, December 2007 to May 2009, and February 2020 to March 2020. Consumer discretionary category refers to the S&P 500 Consumer Discretionary Index. TJX Companies include TJ Maxx, Marshalls, Sierra, HomeGoods and HomeSense.

3. Health care innovation is alive and well

The health care industry captured the world’s attention in the early days of the pandemic, as several companies produced vaccines in record time. But observers today may be overlooking an important consideration in an unsettled environment: Health care companies appear attractively valued relative to the broader global stock market and their own history.

“Some market leaders are particularly appealing, given the prospects for growth of their pipelines,” says Washington Mutual Investors Fund portfolio manager Alan Wilson. Across the sector, drug developers, device makers and service providers are transforming health care and improving patient outcomes.

“Drug discovery is in a golden age that would not be possible without the combination of efficient genetic sequencing, computational power to analyze massive datasets and precise biochemical tools,” explains Wilson. One recent advancement is antibody-drug conjugates (ADCs), which empower the immune system to target cancer cells while leaving healthy cells alone. The global market for such treatments is expected to grow from $3.18 billion in 2020 to $20.01 billion in 2028.

Examples of companies seeking to tap into this opportunity include oncology pioneers Bristol Myers Squibb, Merck and Roche, which are developing ADCs that combat various tumors. Of course not every ADC will be a success, so the key for selective investors is to understand both the science and business opportunity.

Health care companies are undervalued relative to the broader market

The chart shows the valuation of the MSCI USA Health Care Index relative to the broader MSCI USA Index from December 1999 through May 31, 2022. Relative valuation is the ratio between the forward 12-month price-to-earnings ratio of the health care sector and the broader market index. A value below the average (0.5%) indicates that health care is relatively undervalued. While health care stocks have been relatively undervalued in most periods since 2008, valuations have been rising in recent months. However as of May 31, 2022, they remained undervalued relative to the broader market index.

Sources: MSCI, Refinitiv Datastream. Relative valuation is the ratio between the forward 12-month price-to-earnings ratio of the health care sector of the MSCI USA Index to the overall MSCI USA Index. As of 5/31/22.

4. Tech stocks are down, but cloud growth has been sky high

Many tech companies found themselves in the eye of the storm during the first half of 2022, and some saw their shares decline steeply as the market neared correction territory.

But patient, long-term investors should not be discouraged, says equity portfolio manager Chris Buchbinder, a principal investment officer with The Growth Fund of America®. “Rising interest rates and inflation have certainly clouded the longer term earnings picture for many of these companies,” Buchbinder explains. “But there are also well-run software companies in fast-growing segments with favorable prospects.”

For example, the cloud services business has rapidly expanded as companies move their traditional enterprise IT functions to the cloud. “A few years ago, when Amazon Web Services was introduced, it was really a new business segment,” Buchbinder says. “While it’s no longer new, we are still in the early days of this transition.”

Microsoft was not the first mover in this market, but it has grown a larger revenue base than both AWS and Google Cloud thanks to its legacy enterprise relationships. As of April 2022, the cloud services division of Microsoft achieved 32% annualized growth, putting it on a path to reach nearly $100 billion in annual revenue.

“It is not a certainty that all cloud businesses will realize the profit growth to justify high valuations,” Buchbinder adds. “That is why selective investing through fundamental research is essential."

While markets are unsettled, cloud revenue remained strong

The chart shows revenue and growth for major U.S. cloud platforms from 2017 through 2021. Four-year annualized growth rates are as follows: Microsoft 23%, Amazon 37% and Alphabet 48%. Cloud segment revenue by year is as follows: In 2017, Microsoft $29.3 billion, Amazon $17.5 billion and Google $4.1 billion. In 2018, Microsoft $35.4 billion, Amazon $25.7 billion and Google $5.8 billion. In 2019, Microsoft $43.8 billion, Amazon $35.0 billion and Google $8.9 billion. In 2020, Microsoft $53.2 billion, Amazon $45.4 billion and Google $13.1 billion. In 2021, Microsoft $67.8 billion, Amazon $62.2 billion and Google $19.2 billion.

Sources: Capital Group, company filings, Refinitiv Eikon. Years above refer to calendar years. Cloud revenue is represented by segment revenue for Intelligent Cloud Services (Microsoft), Amazon Web Services (Amazon) and Google Cloud (Alphabet). Data as of 12/31/21.

Bottom line for investors: Maintain balance

With growth moderating and risks rising, maintaining a balanced, diversified, all-weather portfolio is particularly important. Stocks that pay rising dividends can help temper volatility and counter inflation, as can companies with pricing power. On the other hand, although technology stocks have been battered, select digital companies have grown cloud revenues.

“In this environment of slower growth and inflation, I am going to be looking for companies that can make their own growth,” Wagner concludes. “That might include some old-economy companies that make tangible things, but also some leading digital companies.”

Jared Franz is an economist with 18 years of industry experience (as of 12/31/2023). He holds a PhD in economics from the University of Illinois at Chicago and a bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Northwestern University.

Diana Wagner is an equity portfolio manager with 27 years of investment experience (as of 12/31/2023). She holds an MBA from Columbia Business School and a bachelor’s degree in art history from Yale University.

Chris Buchbinder is an equity portfolio manager with 28 years of investment experience (as of 12/31/2023). He holds bachelor's degrees in economics and international relations from Brown. 

The market indexes are unmanaged and, therefore, have no expenses. Investors cannot invest directly in an index.


MSCI All Country World Index (ACWI) is a free float-adjusted market capitalization-weighted index designed to measure equity market results in the global developed and emerging markets, consisting of more than 40 developed and emerging market country indexes.


MSCI USA Index is a free float-adjusted, market capitalization-weighted index designed to measure the U.S. portion of the world market.


S&P 500 is a market capitalization-weighted index based on the results of approximately 500 widely held common stocks.


MSCI has not approved, reviewed or produced this report, makes no express or implied warranties or representations and is not liable whatsoever for any data in the report. You may not redistribute the MSCI data or use it as a basis for other indices or investment products.


S&P 500 is a product of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC and/or its affiliates and has been licensed for use by Capital Group. Copyright © 2022 S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC, a division of S&P Global, and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved. Redistribution or reproduction in whole or in part is prohibited without written permission of S&P Dow Jones Indices LLC.

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