Investment insights from Capital Group
1. Source: Capital Group
2. Note: A separate process is employed for monitoring of sovereigns, municipal bonds, structured products and private corporates. Source: Capital Group, MSCI, Sustainalytics
3. Berg, Florian, Kölbel, Julian and Rigobon, Roberto. 2019. "Aggregate Confusion: The Divergence of ESG Ratings." MIT Sloan School Working Paper 5822-19, MIT Sloan School of Management, Cambridge, MA
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Statements attributed to an individual represent the opinions of that individual as of the date published and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Capital Group or its affiliates. All information is as at the date indicated unless otherwise stated. Some information may have been obtained from third parties, and as such the reliability of that information is not guaranteed.