Capital IdeasTM

Investment insights from Capital Group

Fixed Income
Look to credit opportunities amid bond market rout
Damien McCann
Fixed Income Portfolio Manager
David Bradin
Fixed Income Investment Director
  • Despite high inflation and interest rate hikes weighing on fixed income markets, opportunities are still to be found across the four primary credit sectors.
  • Securitised credit is often under-researched by many market participants, enabling our team of securitised credit analysts to identify numerous mispriced investment opportunities.
  • Many emerging market (EM) central banks are used to inflation cycles and have an established playbook for how to rein in inflation.
  • Given the uncertain economic environment, it is important to take a diversified and balanced approach. The high income of the high-yield and emerging markets debt sectors are balanced by the defensiveness of the higher quality investment grade corporates and securitised sectors.

It is no secret that 2022 has been challenging for fixed income investors. High inflation and the US Federal Reserve (Fed)’s initiation of interest rate hikes have weighed on markets. Nevertheless, the broad credit universe provides ample opportunities for investors to add value through bottom-up research and security selection in each of the four primary credit sectors – high yield, investment grade, emerging markets and securitised debt.

In this article, we discuss how income-seeking portfolios can be structured with the aim of adding incremental alpha (excess return) through security selection and asset allocation within a prudent risk management framework.

Among these four credit sectors, capitalising on relative value can be a very powerful way to enhance returns, especially during periods of high volatility like the one we are experiencing now.

Here are our current views on each sector within credit and where members of our investment team are finding what they believe are attractive return opportunities within the construct of a multi-sector income portfolio.

1. High yield has not seen prolonged periods of negative returns

The high-yield corporate bond market has a long-term record of producing a high level of income, which is the primary contributor to its total return over a full market cycle. The sector is large, at about US$1.5 trillion, and spans a multitude of industries and issuers. Investors comfortable with taking on the higher risk associated with high-yield bonds can also choose from a range of bonds of varying quality (secured and unsecured across the BB to CCC ratings spectrum). The high-yield universe also provides significantly shorter duration than investment grade (IG) corporates and emerging markets debt (EMD).

Unlike equities, where valuations reflect expected future cash flows, high-yield returns are much more a function of an issuer’s current cash flows and ability to service debt. While high-yield spreads can be volatile and directionally correlated with equities, the yield serves to cushion drawdowns and drive attractive total returns over multi-year periods. Spreads refer to the difference in yield between two bonds or types of bonds, which investors use to gauge the valuation of a bond. In fact, it has been quite rare for the high-yield sector to experience prolonged periods of negative total returns.

High yield returns tend not to stay negative for long

D7 high yield returns

A large part of the sector is reasonably liquid, allowing for fundamental research to guide relative value decisions by moving between securities from different parts of a company’s capital structure, within an industry or across the high-yield sector. That said, we have recently reduced our allocation to high yield, to well below our neutral allocation, as we believe its relative value has declined compared to emerging markets, securitised credit and investment grade.

Over multiple decades, the relationship between high-yield and investment grade spreads has followed a similar pattern. High-yield spreads tend to widen significantly compared to investment grade during crises and periods of weak economic growth. Historical spread relationships act as a guide for when high yield becomes more attractive than investment grade during periods of stress. Outside of those crisis and recession periods, spread relationships are much more stable and generally hover within a predictable range. In the current environment, we expect that slowing economic growth will continue to push high-yield spreads wider compared to investment grade. As such, we are monitoring valuations and the economic backdrop and will increase our holdings given the right windows of opportunity.

Damien McCann is a fixed income portfolio manager at Capital Group. He has 24 years of investment industry experience, all with Capital Group. Earlier in his career at Capital, he was a fixed income investment analyst and covered energy, leisure and lodging, and rails. He holds a bachelor's degree in business administration with an emphasis on finance from California State University, Northridge. He also holds the Chartered Financial Analyst® designation. Damien is based in Los Angeles.

David Bradin is a fixed income investment director at Capital Group. He has 16 years of investment experience and has been with Capital Group for six years. He holds an MBA from Wake Forest University and a bachelor's degree in mediated communications from North Carolina State University. David is based in Los Angeles.

Past results are not a guarantee of future results. The value of investments and income from them can go down as well as up and you may lose some or all of your initial investment. This information is not intended to provide investment, tax or other advice, or to be a solicitation to buy or sell any securities.

Statements attributed to an individual represent the opinions of that individual as of the date published and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Capital Group or its affiliates. All information is as at the date indicated unless otherwise stated. Some information may have been obtained from third parties, and as such the reliability of that information is not guaranteed.

Capital Group manages equity assets through three investment groups. These groups make investment and proxy voting decisions independently. Fixed income investment professionals provide fixed income research and investment management across the Capital organization; however, for securities with equity characteristics, they act solely on behalf of one of the three equity investment groups.