INVESTMENT INSIGHTS | November 2016
Defined benefit (DB) plans consistently report better returns — as much as 0.9% higher per year1 — than defined contribution (DC) plans. The Pension Protection Act gave plan sponsors tools to narrow this gap, such as investment re-enrollment and target date funds (TDFs) as default investments. These have helped improve investing behavior for many participants, but what about the 63% of DC plan participants who still make their own investment decisions?2
DEFINED CONTRIBUTION INSIGHTS | August 2016
Financial professionals generally agree that when choosing core investments for a retirement plan, it’s important to look for funds sharing certain qualities. These could include lower expense ratios, lower portfolio turnover, higher manager tenure, higher firm-level manager ownership and long-term manager incentive programs.
DEFINED CONTRIBUTION INSIGHTS | August 2016
We believe that target date series should feature not only a gradual reduction in equities over time, but also a gradual shift in the nature of that equity exposure. This transition, which we call recharacterizing the equity exposure, effectively creates a “glide path within a glide path” that can help lower volatility.
DEFINED CONTRIBUTION INSIGHTS | March 2016
Exhibit 3: American Funds (R-3) vs. relevant index
While sponsors should compare their plan’s investments at least once a year with the appropriate benchmarks and peer investments and over a series of different time horizons, the key question remains: How long should those time horizons be to ensure that the resulting decisions are prudent?
INVESTMENT INSIGHTS | September 2014 | FEATURING Wesley Phoa, PhD. & Luke Farrell
Pension Plan Volatility*
Liability-driven investing has changed over the past decade. Defined benefit plan sponsors have gradually moved from broad mandates with considerable latitude to more tightly designed and benchmark-aware mandates. In recent years, some plans have taken this a step further and stipulated explicit tracking error constraints for LDI mandates. In our view, setting tracking error targets makes sense for pension plans that have substantially reduced plan risk, or the mismatch of assets and liabilities, also referred to as funded status volatility. In addition to tracking error targets, plan sponsors will benefit from also paying close attention to investment guidelines such as credit quality.
INVESTMENT INSIGHTS | September 2013
As plan sponsors gain experience with liability driven investing and approach a higher funded status, many are focused on designing and implementing LDI mandates with greater risk control. The imposition of tracking error targets on these strategies has been an important step in this direction. Tracking error constraints allow plan sponsors to gain visibility and better control over the discrete sources of risk and excess return in actively-managed LDI mandates.
INVESTMENT INSIGHTS | September 2012
Figure 1: Between 2004 and 2007, the 10-Year Treasury Yield Rose and the 25-Year Moving Average Fell
New federal pension rules that raise the discount rate applied to liabilities for contribution purposes have opened the debate on whether plan sponsors should delay implementation of asset-liability matching long-duration strategies. The new rules, which were included in the transportation bill that President Obama signed in July, may provide relief from the impact of the currently very low interest rates used to calculate liabilities for the purposes of determining minimum contributions under ERISA. Plan sponsors may be tempted to use this relief to reduce contributions and/or shorten duration in anticipation of higher interest rates. However, we believe that plan sponsors should think carefully before doing so, as relief from the law likely will be temporary and higher interest rates don’t necessarily undermine the long-term case for owning long-duration assets.
INVESTMENTS | October 2011
Bond Management Can Add Value
Implementing an effective long duration strategy has gained greater urgency for corporations as they begin to comply with the Pension Protection Act (PPA). The legislation, enacted in 2006, sets minimum funding standards for corporate defined benefit pension plans in the U.S.
Capital Group has managed a government/credit-plus long duration strategy for more than a decade. We recently introduced a new long duration strategy focused on credit partly to meet the need of clients who need a tighter match between assets and liabilities. The existing long duration government/credit strategy is wider in scope, investing in corporate bonds and government securities for greater flexibility, but with a looser match to liabilities. Both the credit and government/credit long duration strategies are also offered in “plus” variations, expanding the universe of investments to include global high-yield bonds. Capital’s long duration strategies focus primarily on cash fixed-income securities, using interest rate derivatives sparingly and primarily for yield curve management and duration positioning.
Figures shown are past results and are not predictive of results in future periods. Current and future results may be lower or higher than those shown. Share prices and/or returns will vary, so investors may lose money. Investing for short periods makes losses more likely. View fund expense ratios and returns.
Returns shown at net asset value (NAV) have all distributions reinvested. If a sales charge had been deducted, the results would have been lower.
Investments are not FDIC-insured, nor are they deposits of or guaranteed by a bank or any other entity, so they may lose value.
Investors should carefully consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses. This and other important information is contained in the fund prospectuses and summary prospectuses or the collective investment trust's Characteristics statement, which can be obtained from a financial professional, Capital or your relationship manager, and should be read carefully before investing.
Investing outside the United States involves risks, such as currency fluctuations, periods of illiquidity and price volatility, as more fully described in the prospectus. These risks may be heightened in connection with investments in developing countries. Small-company stocks entail additional risks, and they can fluctuate in price more than larger company stocks.
The return of principal for bond funds and for funds with significant underlying bond holdings is not guaranteed. Fund shares are subject to the same interest rate, inflation and credit risks associated with the underlying bond holdings. Lower rated bonds are subject to greater fluctuations in value and risk of loss of income and principal than higher rated bonds. Investments in mortgage-related securities involve additional risks, such as prepayment risk, as more fully described in the prospectus. While not directly correlated to changes in interest rates, the values of inflation-linked bonds generally fluctuate in response to changes in real interest rates and may experience greater losses than other debt securities with similar durations.
Each target date fund is composed of a mix of the American Funds and is subject to the risks and returns of the underlying funds. Underlying funds may be added or removed during the year. Although the target date funds are managed for investors on a projected retirement date time frame, the funds' allocation strategy does not guarantee that investors' retirement goals will be met. The target date is the year in which an investor is assumed to retire and begin taking withdrawals. American Funds investment professionals manage the target date fund's portfolio, moving it from a more growth-oriented strategy to a more income-oriented focus as the fund gets closer to its target date. Investment professionals continue to manage each fund for 30 years after it reaches its target date.
Fund shares of U.S. Government Securities Fund are not guaranteed by the U.S. government.
There may have been periods when the fund(s) lagged the index(es). Certain market indexes are unmanaged and, therefore, have no expenses. Investors cannot invest directly in an index.
Investment results assume all distributions are reinvested and reflect applicable fees and expenses.
Expense ratios are as of each fund's prospectus.
The Capital Group companies manage equity assets through three investment groups. These groups make investment and proxy voting decisions independently. Fixed income investment professionals provide fixed income research and investment management across the Capital organization; however, for securities with equity characteristics, they act solely on behalf of one of the three equity investment groups.
Statements attributed to an individual represent the opinions of that individual as of the date published and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Capital Group or its affiliates. This information is intended to highlight issues and not to be comprehensive or to provide advice.
Past results are not predictive of results in future periods.