The U.S. economy’s resilience continues to defy doubters. Most investors, though, agree that the economy is late in the cycle and it’s a good idea to prepare for a slowdown. Some common approaches to prepare for volatility may have shortcomings. There are alternatives to consider.
While these techniques for preparing portfolios are commonly deployed, each of these common strategies may have hidden shortcomings.
Equity instinct #1: A value screen can fall short in three ways.
1. Dividend-paying stocks are often left out.
Don’t assume value brings dividends. About 22% of stocks in the Russell 1000 Value Index had an average dividend yield of 0% or close to zero during 2018.1 This no-dividend group of stocks in the index averaged 3% larger average drawdown (the peak-to-trough decline over a specific time period) and 8% larger downside capture ratio than the overall index.
2. Quality companies aren’t a focus.
Lower-quality and distressed companies are often part of the index. In fact, 40% of the rated companies in the Russell 1000 Value Index were BBB- or lower, as of December 31, 2018.2 Shares of these companies had worse average drawdown (–21% versus –18% for all rated stocks) and worse downside capture (125% vs. 116% for all rated stocks).
3. Volatility isn’t necessarily reduced.
Risk is commonly measured by standard deviation, downside capture and average drawdown. All three of these measures for the Russell 1000 Value Index (using 10-year trailing figures) were essentially equal to or higher than for the broader market (as represented by the S&P 500), as of December 31, 2018. This might surprise some value investors thinking they are offsetting risk from their growth stocks.
While these techniques for preparing portfolios are commonly deployed, each of these common strategies have hidden shortcomings.
1. Quality companies aren’t a focus.
Lower-quality or even distressed companies are included in the broader pools of dividend payers. About 30% of the top third (highest yielding) stocks in the Russell 1000 Index were rated BBB– or lower, as of December 31, 2018. These high yielding, BBB–1 and lower stocks had an average 10-year S&P 500 down capture ratio of 136%. Shares of these stocks also had an average debt-to-equity ratio (a measure of a company's leverage calculated by comparing its total liabilities to its shareholder equity) of 2.4, meaning they were almost two-and-a-half-times levered.
2. Some of the highest-yielding stocks may not provide a volatility buffer.
Common measures of risk, standard deviation, downside capture and average drawdown of high-yielding stock for high-dividend-paying stocks were essentially at or above the broader market (as represented by the S&P 500), as of December 31, 2018.
1. A true commitment to dividend payers
% of stock portfolio in nonpayers (as of 12/31/18)
2. A focus on quality
% of stock portfolio rated BBB– or lower
(by S&P based on company’s debt, as of 12/31/18)1
All stats and portfolio composition data from Morningstar Direct, unless otherwise stated.
3. Two of our growth and income strategies have provided a smoother ride for investors.
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Annualized standard deviation (based on monthly returns) is a common measure of absolute volatility that tells how returns over time have varied from the mean. A lower number signifies lower volatility.
Capture ratio reflects the annualized product of fund versus index returns for all months in which the index had a positive return (upside capture) or negative return (downside capture).
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