Insights

The Broad View
International outlook: Innovation isn’t just a U.S. story
Jody Jonsson
Equity Portfolio Manager
Noriko Chen
Equity Portfolio Manager
Jens Søndergaard
Currency Analyst

If you were under the impression that all of the most innovative companies in the world are based in the United States, try paying for everything you buy on a daily basis using a single smartphone app.


That’s a challenging task in the U.S., but it’s commonplace in China, South Korea and other Asian countries that have rapidly adopted digital payments technology on a wide scale. These days, Asia and Europe lead the world in some of tomorrow’s technology, and it may take a while for the U.S. to catch up.


Asia has quickly become the world leader in digital payments


The image shows the rapid growth of global digital payments revenue in billions of U.S. dollars from 2016 to 2023 (estimated). The Asia-Pacific region leads, followed by Europe, North America and the rest of the world. Source: World Payments Report 2020 from Capgemini. 2020 to 2023 are estimates. Figures reflect all non-cash payments. No third party whose information is referenced in this report under credit to it, assumes any liability towards the user with respect to its information.

Think all innovation is in the U.S.? Think again


Simply put: Cash is no longer king, especially outside the U.S.


Innovation in digital payments has gained far more traction abroad. For example, in some emerging markets just a few years ago, many customers had no bank accounts but they did have mobile phones — and that led to faster adoption of mobile payments. In China, Alipay (part of Ant Financial) and Tenpay (run by Tencent) are dominate players. Others also have emerged and experienced strong growth in demand for their services, including Yeahka in China and PagSeguro and StoneCo in Brazil, which offer mobile payment platforms for merchants.


The COVID-19 crisis has accelerated the use of mobile payments, not only in emerging markets but around the world, as consumers embrace the concept of “contactless” transactions. In the U.S., companies like Mastercard and PayPal are poised to benefit as consumers become increasingly comfortable with the technology.


“A decade from now, I think digital payments will be the norm and people will give you odd looks if you try to pay with cash,” says Capital Group equity portfolio manager Jody Jonsson.


This powerful trend is just another reminder why investors shouldn’t ignore opportunities in international and emerging markets. While the U.S. is likely to remain a primary engine for innovation, it would be shortsighted to think of the U.S. as the sole province of inventive companies. What’s more important for investors is to seek out the world’s most innovative companies in growing industries wherever they are located.


As we’ve noted many times in the past, not all the best-returning stocks are in the United States. While international and emerging markets indexes have lagged U.S. markets over the past decade, on a company-by-company basis, the individual stocks with the best returns have been overwhelmingly located in non-U.S. markets.


That’s true over longer periods, and it’s also true in the most recent quarter when Asian stocks far outpaced the overall market, led by Chinese tech giant Alibaba, chipmaker Taiwan Semiconductor and China’s fast-growing food delivery company Meituan.


In fact, there is so much innovation happening overseas that venture capital funding has been growing at a faster pace outside the United States. Part of that is a function of valuations, which are generally cheaper outside the U.S., but it’s also clear that professional early-stage investors are increasingly finding compelling new opportunities elsewhere. One area is China’s biopharmaceutical sector, where venture capital funding has surged in recent years and a number of companies are seeking to go public.


Venture capital is funding innovation outside the U.S.


The image shows the percent of global venture capital funding from 2000 to 2019, with the “U.S.” category generally on the decline and the “Outside the U.S.” category generally on the rise. Source: Pitchbook. Data through December 31, 2019.

Renewable energy lights up the globe


Another area showing incredible global advancement is renewable energy. The shift to green energy sources is gaining steam as traditional utilities rely less on carbon-based sources and increasingly on wind and solar.


The move toward renewables is most pronounced in European utilities, including Enel in Italy, E.ON in Germany and Denmark’s Ørsted. Governments in those countries have set high decarbonization targets and created incentives for further investment. China has also recently announced it aims to cut its net carbon dioxide emissions to zero by 2060.


A number of factors are setting the stage for a golden age in renewables. Among these are declining costs attributable to advances in automation, artificial intelligence systems driving improved productivity and efficiency, and better storage capabilities.


“Some traditional utilities are reaching an inflection point where they are starting to be recognized more as growth companies rather than just staid, old-economy power generators and grid operators,” says Capital Group equity portfolio manager Noriko Chen. “There are strong tailwinds that could drive growth for years.”


Elsewhere in Europe, pent-up demand for luxury goods has the potential to provide a substantial boost to companies in that sector. European firms such as LVMH, Richemont and Kering dominate the luxury market, and Chinese consumers are driving much of the growth.


Chinese consumers increasingly dominate spending on luxury goods


The image shows how Chinese consumers are increasingly dominating spending on luxury goods, based on sales from 2008 to 2025 (estimated). In 2008, Chinese consumers spent 152 billion yuan compared to 1.11 trillion yuan from other consumers worldwide. In 2012, Chinese consumers spent 311 billion compared to 1.17 trillion worldwide. In 2016, Chinese consumers spent 537 billion compared to 1.14 trillion worldwide. In 2018, Chinese consumers spent 770 billion compared to 1.64 trillion worldwide. In 2020 (estimated), Chinese consumers are expected to spend 921 billion compared to 1.69 trillion worldwide. In 2025 (estimated), Chinese consumers are expected to spend 1.23 trillion compared to 1.89 trillion worldwide. Source: Statista. Expenditures for 2020 and 2025 are estimates.

Has the U.S. dollar peaked?


One more potentially compelling reason to look outside the U.S.: At some point, the decade-long dollar bull market will come to an end. And there is some evidence that might already be happening. On a year-to-date basis as of November 20, the dollar is down 5% against the euro and 4% against the yen.


That’s largely due to investor worries about ballooning U.S. government debt, near-zero interest rates and a muddled economic picture. Timing the exact start of a currency cycle is notoriously difficult, but if this declining dollar trend continues it could provide a nice tailwind for international and emerging markets equities. Likewise, global bond sectors, such as emerging markets debt, could become more attractive.


Capital Group currency analyst Jens Søndergaard cautions that the shift could take time: “I believe the dollar is overvalued, but to get a proper dollar bear market, we need evidence that growth outside the U.S. is firming up.”


In the near term that will largely depend on the trajectory of the virus, as well as how quickly a vaccine is approved and administered throughout the world.


“Once global growth does take off, and we have a proper recovery from the pandemic,” Søndergaard adds, “I think in all likelihood we will see the dollar weaken further.”


Could a weak U.S. dollar spell relief for international equities?


The image shows shaded regions representing U.S. dollar bull and bear market cycles from 1970 to 1980, 1981 to 1984, 1985 to 1991, 1992 to 2002, 2003 to 2010 and 2011 to 2020. The fever line represents the J.P. Morgan U.S. Dollar Real Effective Exchange Rate Index, which measures the inflation-adjusted relative value of the U.S. dollar against a broad basket of foreign currencies. As of October 31, 2020. Sources: Bloomberg, J.P. Morgan. This report, and any product, index or fund referred to herein, is not sponsored, endorsed or promoted in any way by J.P. Morgan or any of its affiliates who provide no warranties whatsoever, express or implied, and shall have no liability to any prospective investor, in connection with this report. J.P. Morgan disclaimer: https://www.jpmm.com/research/disclosures.

Jody Jonsson is an equity portfolio manager with 31 years of investment experience, 29 at Capital. She holds an MBA from Stanford and a bachelor's from Princeton. Jody is a CFA charter holder and a member of the CFA Institute.

Noriko Honda Chen is an equity portfolio manager at Capital Group. She also serves on the Capital Group Management Committee. She has 30 years of investment experience and has been with Capital Group for 22 years. Noriko holds a bachelor’s degree in economics from Williams College and a degree in the Japanese Language Bekka Program at Keio University, Tokyo. Noriko is based in San Francisco.

Jens Søndergaard is a currency analyst at Capital Group. Before joining Capital in 2013, he was a senior economist at Nomura and the Bank of England and an assistant professor at Johns Hopkins. He holds a PhD in economics and a master's in foreign service from Georgetown.


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Investing outside the United States involves risks, such as currency fluctuations, periods of illiquidity and price volatility, as more fully described in the prospectus. These risks may be heightened in connection with investments in developing countries. Small-company stocks entail additional risks, and they can fluctuate in price more than larger company stocks.

This report, and any product, index or fund referred to herein, is not sponsored, endorsed or promoted in any way by J.P. Morgan or any of its affiliates who provide no warranties whatsoever, express or implied, and shall have no liability to any prospective investor, in connection with this report. J.P. Morgan disclaimer.

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