Our ESG framework builds on over 90 years of research legacy



  • Capital Group’s framework for integrating ESG emphasizes materiality at the individual issuer level.
  • Efforts around ESG support Capital Group’s long-held commitment to responsible stewardship of our clients’ assets.
  • Our commitment to ESG is demonstrated by both its integration into The Capital System™ and how it is reflected in our own business operations.

Capital Group’s founder, Jonathan Bell Lovelace, was a pioneering investor back in the days of the Great Depression and the Dust Bowl. Almost a century later, his innovative emphasis on fundamental research still guides us.

Research is all about building a deep and well-rounded understanding in order to try and make better investment decisions. Weighing developments that could have financial consequences for an issuer of equities or bonds is, therefore, crucial.

This is why, at Capital Group, we believe in the importance of analyzing material environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues as we strive to deliver superior long-term investment results to our clients.

Our ESG philosophy emphasizes materiality

Which ESG risks and opportunities do we believe are material to the long-term success of issuers from a particular sector? Asking and answering this question is at the heart of our ESG philosophy, and aligns with our legacy of deep research in two important ways.

First, the consequences of many ESG issues can unfold over several years or decades, a timeframe that naturally aligns with our long-term orientation.

Second, our bottom-up fundamental research approach. ESG integration is refining and rounding out our understanding of investments. "We’ve long believed that knowing how organizations interact with and impact their communities, customers, suppliers and employees is important in understanding their potential as investments," says Rob Lovelace, vice chair and president of Capital Group.

How we integrate ESG into The Capital System

Capital Group has more than 350 investment professionals who, within our investment approach, The Capital System, are empowered to pursue their individual investment convictions. Fundamental research is front and centre. Rigorous debate is the norm.

Our ESG process includes three mutually reinforcing components. We have intentionally created a process that deepens our understanding over time, but does not come up with a single answer or score.

ESG investment framework example: Key ESG topics in autos

This image details Capital Group's three-part ESG process. Investment research and frameworks reflect material ESG considerations in 30+ sectors. The monitoring process uses available third-party data to flag a subset of investments in certain asset classes for further research and review. Engagement and proxy voting involve engaging with issuers on material ESG risks and opportunities and voting proxies in the best interest of our clients.

Research & Investment Frameworks

More than 200 of our equity and fixed income investment analysts, in partnership with our ESG team, have created over 30 sector-specific ESG investment frameworks that identify the issues we believe to be material to each sector, including sovereigns.

We refresh our frameworks regularly to capture the dynamic nature of ESG issues and help ensure they are forward-looking. 

This image shows the Capital Group sector investment framework for autos. This investment framework highlights the material ESG issues for the sector which includes greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions for their products, GHG emissions for operations, clean technology innovation opportunities, waste and hazardous materials management, product quality and safety, privacy and data security, labour relations and supply chain standards and responsible sourcing. Alongside this graphic we have a quote from Fixed Income Investment Analyst, Danny Jacobs, “We have been able to take a more nuanced, holistic view on electric vehicles, as well as incorporating other potentially financial material ESG issues within our fundamental research.”
Source: Capital Group. For illustrative purposes only.
*GHG = greenhouse gas

Monitoring Process

We complement our in-house analysis with third-party ESG data, where available, to surface external views of material ESG risks. We believe third-party data can be a useful input as we seek to build a holistic view of a company or issuer. However, our perspectives are built on a long-term view, engagement and detailed analysis − never on monitoring results alone. 

To inform our corporate ESG evaluation process, we leverage data from widely used third-party providers including MSCI and Sustainalytics (where data is available). Flagged holdings then undergo an elevated level of research and review by analysts. If there are outstanding concerns, the Issuer Oversight Committee, comprised of investment professionals, ESG specialists, and senior leaders, provides an additional layer of review.

As of the date of this article, corporate and sovereign holdings are within the scope of our monitoring process.

This image shows Capital Group's ESG monitoring in action using an equity fund as an example. Portfolio holdings are subject to ESG monitoring using multiple leading data producers and risk methodologies, including a UN Global Compact assessment and MSCI and Sustainalytics ratings. 9 of the 276 holdings, or about 3%, were flagged. These holdings are monitored by analysts, meaning they require a heightened level of research and engagement.
Data as of December 31, 2022. Third-party data used in the monitoring process is generally available for equity securities and corporate and sovereign bonds held by the fund. Flagged and non-flagged holdings collectively represent 99.3% of the fund’s holdings, and 99.8% of total assets, in each case, excluding cash and cash equivalents. “Other holdings” are holdings that either do not have available third-party data or that are not covered in the monitoring process. The data used in the monitoring process currently applies only to equity securities and corporate and sovereign bonds. Figures may not total 100 due to rounding. Donut chart reflects the total of all equity covered holdings at the issuer level, corporate debt covered holdings at the ultimate parent issuer level, and sovereign bonds at the obligor level. In other words, multiple issues by a company may have been rolled up into that single entity and are aggregated at the asset level. Example fund is not available in Canada.

Engagement & Proxy Voting

Our investment professionals and ESG team partner to lead ESG-specific engagements that help to enhance our understanding and encourage better disclosure and management of material ESG risks and opportunities.

In 2022, we held more than 830 ESG-specific engagements on topics that are informed by our investment frameworks and monitoring outcomes. We document engagements and track the outcomes of our discussions with management.

Proxy voting is another integral part of our investment process. We have an investor-led voting process focused on voting in the best interest of our investors and clients.

Our Global Stewardship & Engagement (GSE) team conducts an assessment of each proxy proposal. Importantly, this is done in accordance with voting guidelines authored by our investment professionals and refreshed annually. This research is shared with our investment analysts (who are familiar with the company and industry) to help them make a recommendation. The final decision, including on high-profile or contentious proxies, or proxies where there is a difference of opinion, is made by the appropriate proxy committee, made up of senior investment professionals.

In 2022, our three equity investment divisions separately voted in over 2,100 general and special shareholder meetings, across more than 55 markets.

Building on our legacy of research

By considering material ESG risks and opportunities, I firmly believe we’re building on the 90-plus-year legacy of fundamental research pioneered by Capital Group’s founder, Jonathan Bell Lovelace.

Through our investments in the people, data and technology that support ESG integration, we are expanding our capabilities and will, where necessary, evolve and adapt our process over time.

Because this is so important to us, we want to be transparent with our clients and stakeholders. We publish our investment stewardship report annually. And, on a quarterly basis, we disclose fund-level monitoring outcomes for our corporate and sovereign holdings (where data is available) to indicate which companies and/or issuers have been flagged for in-depth review. 

As Rob Lovelace has put it, our increased focus on material ESG issues plays to Capital Group’s strengths as an organization that has always emphasized the responsible stewardship of our clients’ assets. No matter how the specifics of our ESG investment frameworks or broader ESG process evolve, I believe that insight will continue to hold true.

Your gateway to all things ESG at Capital Group

Explore the latest research and insights in our ESG perspectives library

Learn more about

Our ESG perspectives

Commissions, trailing commissions, management fees and expenses all may be associated with mutual fund investments. Please read the prospectus before investing. Mutual funds are not guaranteed, their values change frequently and past performance may not be repeated.

Unless otherwise indicated, any Capital Group information referenced above reflects the Capital Group global organization.

Unless otherwise indicated, the investment professionals featured do not manage Capital Group‘s Canadian mutual funds.

References to particular companies or securities, if any, are included for informational or illustrative purposes only and should not be considered as an endorsement by Capital Group. Views expressed regarding a particular company, security, industry or market sector should not be considered an indication of trading intent of any investment funds or current holdings of any investment funds. These views should not be considered as investment advice nor should they be considered a recommendation to buy or sell.

Statements attributed to an individual represent the opinions of that individual as of the date published and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Capital Group or its affiliates. This information is intended to highlight issues and not be comprehensive or to provide advice. For informational purposes only; not intended to provide tax, legal or financial advice. We assume no liability for any inaccurate, delayed or incomplete information, nor for any actions taken in reliance thereon. The information contained herein has been supplied without verification by us and may be subject to change. Capital Group funds are available in Canada through registered dealers. For more information, please consult your financial and tax advisors for your individual situation.

All Capital Group trademarks are owned by The Capital Group Companies, Inc. or an affiliated company in Canada, the U.S. and other countries. All other company names mentioned are the property of their respective companies.

Capital Group funds are offered in Canada by Capital International Asset Management (Canada), Inc., part of Capital Group, a global investment management firm originating in Los Angeles, California in 1931. Capital Group manages equity assets through three investment groups. These groups make investment and proxy voting decisions independently. Fixed income investment professionals provide fixed income research and investment management across the Capital organization; however, for securities with equity characteristics, they act solely on behalf of one of the three equity investment groups.