The Importance of Setting Clear Investment Goals | Capital Group

Creating a Financial Plan

The Importance of Setting Clear Investment Goals

One of the first steps to investing wisely is to clearly define your investment goals.

Age, income and attitudes about risk all need to be taken into consideration when determining which investments may be right for you. Here are some of the issues that you and your financial advisor should consider in determining how to best pursue your financial goals.

Setting Goals and Identifying Needs

This step provides the foundation of your relationship with a financial advisor. Step back and reflect on your short- and long-term goals, such as funding college for children, business expansion, travel plans or retirement needs. You should identify these goals with your financial advisor so that his or her recommendations will directly address your needs.

Risk Tolerance

Risk is often defined as portfolio volatility, or the fluctuation in the value of your assets over time. But at a personal level, risk can also be experienced emotionally. For example, there can be periods when investors may be afraid they might not achieve their goals, or even lose their savings. Understanding your tolerance for risk, which differs for each investor, is key to choosing an investment program. Your tolerance for risk is a difficult personal decision, and an issue that investors should work with a financial advisor to determine.

Time Horizon

Your time frame is a critical component of planning your investments. If you are investing for a retirement that is 25 or 30 years away, you have a number of years to recover from the possible ups and downs of the market. If you’re close to retirement, or if your child is headed to college in just a few years, you may not have the time to ride out a downturn. Portfolio assets that are riskier and will fluctuate more over time may be appropriate for younger investors but not for others. An individual who does not expect to liquidate the assets in his or her portfolio for a number of years has more time to recover from a market downturn, while an investor who is close to retirement may be more likely to prefer relatively stable assets and capital preservation.


Because your income level determines your tax rate, certain investment choices may be more attractive because of their relative after-tax appeal. You should fully inform your investment advisor about your tax rate and any special tax circumstances that might apply to you. This will determine whether you should seek tax-exempt securities as a part of your portfolio.

Putting Together a Plan

There are numerous questions and many issues to take into consideration when coming up with an investment plan. You should provide a full disclosure of your financial assets, expected income streams and obligations, especially as they affect the portfolio under management. A professional financial advisor can work with you to answer these questions. Your advisor will use your answers to develop a written investment plan. Together, you should be able to determine a target rate of return and an appropriate mix of assets to place in your portfolio. Regular feedback will enable your advisor to incorporate any changes in your needs or circumstances as they occur.


Do you have what it takes to retire? Most middle-aged Americans don't think they've saved enough. If you feel you're behind with your retirement savings, there are ways to catch up.

Source: Ipsos/USA Today poll 2017

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Investors should carefully consider investment objectives, risks, charges and expenses. This and other important information is contained in the fund prospectuses and summary prospectuses, which can be obtained from a financial professional and should be read carefully before investing. 

Statements attributed to an individual represent the opinions of that individual as of the date published and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of Capital Group or its affiliates. This information is intended to highlight issues and should not be considered advice, an endorsement or a recommendation. 

This content, developed by Capital Group, home of American Funds, should not be used as a primary basis for investment decisions and is not intended to serve as impartial investment or fiduciary advice.